The Holy Quran on the darkness of the universe


By Magdy Abdalshafy

 After man landed on the moon and pictures were sent to the earth, it has become certain that the earth and the whole of the universe are immersed in darkness

and that light is just a thin layer that envelops the half part facing the sun and that the general role is darkness and light is something accidental connected with the day layer.

   Man's thirst for more and more about the universe is never quenched. So, among the many discoveries that man reached after long observations and calculations is that whole of the universe is a huge building and that there is nothing in the universe could be called" empty place" as the matter and all the different kinds of energy fill the universe.( Professor Zagloul Al-Nagar)

In the Holy Quran, God's final word to humanity, there are scientific statements that are completely in agreement with modern science; among these are scientific statement about most of discoveries man made as regard the universe.

It is noteworthy that most of the cosmos verses in the Holy Quran always correlate between the universe and atheists- the universe and its wonders are compelling evidence to the existence of God.

Modern astrophysics statements  about the universe are found in the  Holy Quran, The Holy Quran gives new evidence to the modern atheists that this universe has a Creator and moreover these are evidences to non-Muslims that this book was revealed by God and that Mohammed was a real prophet.

We will select verse number"15" from chapter"14" and you will be astonished at  the number  of the scientific facts mentioned in it and how this verse is compatible with the science, so what does this verse say:

"Even if We opened out to them a gate from heaven, and they were to continue (all day) ascending ( in a curve line) therein, (14) They would only say: "Our eyes have been covered: Nay, we have been bewitched by sorcery." (14:14-15)

So what can we conclude from reading this verse:

   Man will someday conquer the universe

   The universe is a huge structure

   Motion in the universe can't be in straight line

   The universe is engulfed by darkness

When we finish discussing this verse we will move to another verse that gives the following scientific facts:

(1)  The day layer turns the invisible sun light into visible light

(2)  The size of the day layer to the darkness of the universe.

Let's discuss the first verse in the light of the new scientific discoveries

Man will travel into space

The verse says: Even if We open a door in the heavens and they ascend through it in broad daylight, (14) They will say all the same: "Our eyes were dazed (and clouded over). We were a people ensorcelled." (14:14-15)

The few words shaded with yellow implies that man will conquer the universe and this prophecy was fulfilled as in late 1960s, man landed on the moon and many space travels followed to study the universe. The Holy Quran, God last word to humanity, predicted this great incident.

The Universe is a huge building

The scientific fact implied in the first few words shaded in yellow also implies that the universe is building. "Even if We open a door in the heavens…" Have you ever seen gates without building, the fact that the universe is building is stressed in many other verses, the use of the words" gates" is significant, Dr Zagloul Al-Nagar says that the universe does have what look like  gates.

Does science refer to the universe as a building?

The answer is plain" yes"

It is now scientifically established that no place in the universe that can be empty, the universe is filled with the different kinds of energy and matter that resulted from the big bang, scientists calculate the rate of the dark and energy matter to be a little over (90%) of the whole mass of the universe. Moreover, the way that galaxies are formed and arranged emphasizes that the universe is a huge building.

Scientists  say that today's huge galaxies are the result of merging small building-block galaxies in the early Universe. Now, they have detected for the first time such "bricks" with the Hubble's Advanced Camera for Surveys and the Near Infrared Camera and Multi-Object Spectrometer.


Motion  into space

Einstein theory of relativity has predicted that light curves in space, and moreover; modern astrophysical studies have proved that motion into space should be in a curve course not straight course because of gravity in the universe. The Holy Quran uses the Arabic word” Ya’erogoun” , the word is used in Arabic when we refer to a walk which is not in straight line, also, the Holy Quran  always uses the word when referring to ascending into space.

 So the Holy Quran and science are in agreement

The darkness of the universe

The verse says " Even if We opened out to them a gate from heaven, and they were to continue (all day) ascending therein, (14) They would only say: "Our eyes have been covered: Nay, we have been bewitched by sorcery." (14:14-15)

The verse means if God opens a gate into sky for the disbeliever, they will  say that our eyes are covered, that is, they are unable to see…why? Because of the darkness that engulfs the whole of the universe, the Holy verse says" …our eyes are covered"… what can you see when you cover your eyes…just try… it is darkness…what does modern science say about the darkness of the universe?

When the first space ship was launched for the first time, it carried back, among its findings, one of the most important discoveries; this was” the whole of the universe is completely immersed in darkness."  Pictures of the earth from the moon shows that the earth is hanging in darkness, even pictures for the sun shows that it is hanging in the darkness of the universe.

So how can light be produced in the earth day and is there any reference to this in the Holy Quran?

 The earth is engulfed by darkness of the universe, just a thin layer of light can be seen

It has become scientifically known that light travels from the sun to the earth  invisible, it only turns into light when it begin to penetrate our atmosphere where water vapours and solid tiny matters hanging in the atmosphere and this  helps in fractioning and reflecting this invisible rays and thus these rays turn  into light. The sun, along with the stars, is seen as blue dots when moving out the atmosphere because the universe is completely engulfed with darkness.


So it became an established fact that the thin layer that surround the earth is responsible for ”LIGHT”

 Dr. Alfandi, an Egyptian expert in this field, says the sun rays can’t be seen unless dispersed by air and dust particles when penetrating the atmosphere. This explains why the sun rays can't be seen in the outer space where there is no atmosphere, moreover the whole of the universe is completely dark, even the center of the sun is dark despite the high temperature. Rays travel from the center of  the sun unseen and can be only distinguished into light in the outer layer of the sun then travel to the earth unseen and can only be seen when it penetrates the atmosphere.

The Holy Quran, 1400 years before science refers to these facts: How?

Gate ways into heaven refers to the universe structure or building. Have you ever seen gates without a building?

They ascend (in curve course) into heaven refers to the movement into space which must be in curve course owing to the gravity.

They would certainly say: "Only our eyes have been covered over refers to the fact that the universe is immersed in darkness,

The first man landed on the moon describes the darkness of the universe using the same words used in the Holy verse.

Compatibility between science and Quran

And even if we open to them a gateway of heaven, so that they ascend( in a curve line)  into it all the while, (14) They would certainly say: Only our eyes have been covered over, rather we are an enchanted people. (15:14)

 The words marked in yellow refer to the darkness in the universe, the first astronaut who travelled into space, when describing the darkness of the universe, used the same words of the holy Quran, he said it was as if my eyes were covered or I was under magic spell."

The same fact is stressed in many other verses with some scientific additions, God says in the Holy Quran what means:

 "Are you the harder to create or the heaven? He built it. (27) He raised( increased) its thickness , then put it into a right good state. (28) And He made dark its night and brought out its light. (27:29)

On reading the above mentioned verse again you will notice four scientific statements that are completely compatible with the scientific discoveries:

" He built it" is a another reference  to the universe being a building

"..He raised its thickness .." is a reference to the expansion of the universe and this fact is stressed also  in the following verse:

"The heaven, We have built it with power. Verily. We are expanding it((sura 51, verse 47)

"He made dark its nigh" is a reference to the creation of the universe darkness in the successive stages of the universe creation, note the pronoun" its" refers to the universe, so we can say that this Holy verse refers to the darkness of the universe;  in a later stage the celestial entities began to shrink and the in-between dusts began to be swept and thus the light of the sun began to be sent and be seen as the second pronoun" its" points out.

The day layer turns the invisible sun light into visible light

The Holy Quran determines the Day Layer

By the sun and its brightness (1) And [by] the moon when it follows it (2) And [by] the day when it displays it (3) And [by] the night when it covers it (4) And [by] the sky and He who constructed it (91:1-5)

This verse wonderfully expresses one of the amazing facts that was only reached during the last few decades; according to this verse it is not the sun which makes the day with its beautiful light. Then what? The verse says” it is the day (atmosphere) which makes the sun light visible or the light.

It is scientifically known that “day layer” is the one which makes the sun visible and it is, too, the one which makes it invisible. So the Holy Quran is an agreement with science.

   So, according to Dr Nohammed Gamal Al-Fandy, the day layer is so thin( 200km) and this separate the darkness of the universe from us.

The Holy Quran determines the size of the day layer to the size of the universe.

"And a sign to them is the night: We skin from it the day, then lo! they are in the dark" (36:36-37)

 The verse emphasizes the previously discussed scientific statements, the verse implies that the general rule is darkness, darkness that everywhere. The Holy verse likens the darkness to a slaughtered  animal and the day light to the skin of the slaughtered  animal.

The light of sun, being likened to the skin of a slaughtered animal, is so thin to the darkness of the universe being likened to the huge body of the slaughtered animal if compared to its skin.

So you have to imagine the darkness of the universe under it is a layer  of light---what if you draw this layer? Surely it is darkness.

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