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Quran Informs Science:

Quran Informs Science:

The Real Natures of Electron and Light.

“Declaring an End of the Duality Confusions”

Salama AbdelhadyProfessor of Energy Systems,

 South valley University 

If we have a look at the modern articles that discuss our limited sciences, we will see the confusion of scientists in recognizing the nature of the electrons and light. We may start by Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia:The concept of wave-particle duality assumes all particles exhibit both wave and particle properties. A central concept of quantum mechanics, this duality addresses the inability of classical concepts like "particle" and "wave" to fully describe the behavior of quantum-scale objects. Standard interpretations of quantum mechanics explain this paradox as a fundamental property of the Universe, while alternative interpretations explain the duality as an emergent, second-order consequence of various limitations of the observer. This treatment focuses on explaining the behavior from the perspective of the widely used Copenhagen interpretation, in which wave–particle duality is one aspect of the concept of complementarity, that a phenomenon can be viewed in one way or in another, but not both simultaneously.  As can be understood, the scientists cannot describe all particles as particles or waves. Similarly, the light cannot be recognized as waves or particles [9]:Is light a wave, or is light a flow of particles? Well, the bottom line is that it's neither one. Light is ­are you ready?­ a "quantum vector field." That phrase doesn't give you much of a mental picture, does it? I actually kind of know what a quantum vector field is, and it doesn't give me any mental picture. The fact is that the true nature of light defies mental picturing, because it's not quite like anything we can lay our hands on. Under certain conditions, such as when we shine it through narrow slits and look at the result, it behaves as only a wave can. Under other conditions, such as when we shine it on a metal and examine the spray of electrons that comes off, light behaves as only particles can. This multiple personality of light is referred to as "wave-particle duality." Light behaves as a wave, or as particles, depending on what we do with it, and what we try to observe. And it's wave-particle duality that lies at the heart of the Heisenberg uncertainty principle.As a Muslim scientist, I found in the Quran that there is one origin for the whole universe; it is the smoke or in Arabic; “Dukhaan”:Then he turned to the sky, and it had been (as) smoke (Dukhaan): He said to it and to the earth: come you together, willingly or unwillingly. They said: we do come (together) in willing obedience. (Qur'an 41:11).According to the following verse; the creation of God is Unique:Who created the seven heavens one above another; you see no incongruity in the creation of the Beneficent Allah; then look again, can you see any non-uniqueness?  (Qur’an 67:03)Some scientists describe the initial cosmic material as mist. But the word “Dukhaan” or smoke that describe this material in the first verse is the exact description. The term “mist” does not correspond to the description of this smoke, because mist is characteristically cold, whereas smoke is somewhat hot and moving.  So, Quran informed us exactly the correct origin of our universe, i.e. the earth and the heavens from smoke and decided the uniqueness of the universe creation. As I believe the Quran is the true word of God, these verses led me to a firm conclusion. There is one origin for all such universe. It is such energized particles that form the “Dukhaan” or smoke. Similarly; energy in general should have one unique or primary form as electromagnetic waves. So, such smoke and all energized particles should be considered, according to this verse, as a simultaneous flow of mass and electromagnetic waves. However, the particles can be considered as particulized form of energy. So, the electrons should be considered as particulized energized particles whose energy is in one form: electromagnetic waves. Accordingly; we should think electron’s energies or any particle’s energy in general as heat, kinetic energy, electric charge and magnetic flux should have one unique nature as electromagnetic waves. Guided by such conclusions as found from Quran and following an entropy approach, it was possible to find that the heat, electric charge, magnetic flux and kinetic energies are forms of electromagnetic waves.[1-5]. Such conclusion removed and ended the scientific confusion concerning the nature of the electron and light. Scientists were not able to define the electron if it is a particle or electromagnetic wave [6-15]. According to this verse, such electron or any particle should be considered as a simultaneous flow of mass and energy in the form of electromagnetic waves. So, its behavior as a particle is due to its real nature as a particle while its behavior as electromagnetic waves is due its associated energy in the form of electromagnetic waves or energy. Similarly, the light is neatly defined as a wave. The confusion in considering the light as a particle is deleted by considering the electric charge is just an ionized electromagnetic wave. So, the light did not hit, as a particle, the electrons to force it to flow into electric current. But it actually passes through an ionization process by the acting electric field, in cathode ray tube, or by a photorefractive effect when crossing a p-n junction. So, the light should not be confused as a particle but it is neatly a special spectrum of electromagnetic waves. Similarly, electrons and atoms should not be confused as waves. But they are energized particles as the SMOKE (word of Quran). So, Quran actually informs science and leads us to the TRUTH. 

References:1.      Salama Abdelhady , A Fundamental Equation of Thermodynamics that Embraces Electrical and Magnetic Potentials”, Journal of Electromagnetic Analysis and Applications, Marh 2010, 2: pp. 162-166. 2.     

Salama Abdelhady, An Entropy-Approach to the Duality Property, Journal of Electromagnetic Analysis and Applications, June 2011, 3: pp.220-227. 3.     Salama Abdelhady, Thermodynamic  analysis of electric Charge and Magnetic Flux, Cairo 11th International Conference on Energy and Environment, Ghurgada, Egypt, March, 2009, p.p. 175-185.4.    

  Salama Abdelhady, An Approach to a Universal System of Units,  Journal of Electromagnetic Analysis and Applications, September 2010, 2:  pp.549-556. 

5.      Salama Abdelhady, “Energy Analysis of the Electron Duality Property,” Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Aerospace Sciences & Aviation Technology, ASAT-14, Cairo, May 2011, paper MD-5. 

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