By Prof. Dr. Eng. Salama AbdelHady
Head of Energy Department, Aswan University
God assigned supernatural miracles for each of His previous Messengers to make people believe in them. However, such Miracles were unseen after the death of these Messengers. For the Prophet of Islam, who was the seal of prophets, His assigned Miracle is a sustained Miracle where its signs are renewed by scientific and logical evidence that are discovered in different times to adopt their meanings in each stage of civilization. (Please note that Prophet Muhammad had wrought physical miracles and all his prophecies were all fulfilled.)
As the last Message from God to the humankind, we see in Quran Wisdom, Logic and Knowledge which should belong only to God Who knows every thing in this universe and Whose Wisdom and Logic are above the abilities of all the humans in all times. Quran or the verses of Quran show the wisdom of the Creator in the universe and call the Muslims to look around and search for the facts and the proofs of the truth of these verses through high logical approaches. Such verses were the motive power that boasts the Muslims to think logically in every thing and to adopt the modern sciences and start the logical course of life in the golden ages of Islam that opened the door for the mankind to start scientific and logical ages. So, Quran was revealed to Mohammed through immortal words that transcend everything we read or we can read. In this article; we shall look at three verses of Quran that asks us logical questions and should be answered by One Logical Answer: Yes, We are in Sincere Need to the Power of God in Every Moment of our life on this earth, We are in need to God's Mercy, Control, Guiding and Science in every movement of our life:
YUSUFALI: Say: See ye? If Allah were to make the night perpetual over you to the Day of Judgment, what god is there other than Allah, who can give you enlightenment? Will ye not then hearken?
PICKTHAL: Say: Have ye thought, if Allah made night everlasting for you till the Day of Resurrection, who is a god beside Allah who could bring you light? Will ye not then hear?
SHAKIR: Say: Tell me, if Allah were to make the night to continue incessantly on you till the day of resurrection, who is the god besides Allah that could bring you light? Do you not then hear?
YUSUFALI: Say: See ye? If Allah were to make the day perpetual over you to the Day of Judgment, what god is there other than Allah, who can give you a night in which ye can rest? Will ye not then see?
PICKTHAL: Say: Have ye thought, if Allah made day everlasting for you till the Day of Resurrection, who is a god beside Allah who could bring you night wherein ye rest? Will ye not then see?
SHAKIR: Say: Tell me, if Allah were to make the day to continue incessantly on you till the day of resurrection, who is the god besides Allah that could bring you the night in which you take rest? Do you not then see?
YUSUFALI: It is out of His Mercy that He has made for you Night and Day,- that ye may rest therein, and that ye may seek of his Grace;- and in order that ye may be grateful.
PICKTHAL: Of His mercy hath He appointed for you night and day, that therein ye may rest, and that ye may seek His bounty, and that haply ye may be thankful.
SHAKIR: And out of His mercy He has made for you the night and the day, that you may rest therein, and that you may seek of His grace, and that you may give thanks.
This is the first question. The logic answer to such question should be as follows: No one or all the billions of people who are living on this earth can do any thing if the nigh is set perpetual over the whole life of the earth. We are unable even to know the mechanism that gives the earth such power to rotate around its axis in such absolutely regular and perfect timing and neatly designed order. It is surely rotated and finely controlled and judged by the Power of The God who sent these Challenging and Logical Questions. It is mercy of the Creator to save His Creatures on His earth to keep up this sequence of regular motion of earth to have the night followed by the sunrise in specific order such that we can be survived. This sequence is not controlled by any nation and cannot be changed if the Creator decided to stop or change it. Looking to the moon, for example, it has a full cycle every 27 days. But it faces the earth by the same side while its other side faces a permanent darkness and freezing temperature. So, its night and day are eternal and it doesn't fit for our life on both of its sides. There is also a planet in the solar group which is called "Earth's twin." It is Venus which has approximately the same mass and volume of the earth. It is the closest planet to earth, but it revolves around itself once every 243 days. So, its day is equivalent to 243 of our days on the earth. So, its day has a limited eternity. Accordingly, the temperature on the side that faces the sun during such time goes up to 455 degrees Celsius and the temperature on its dark face, in night, goes down to a temperature of 150 degrees below zero. So, it does not also fit for the lives of human beings on it. What we can do if our earth will follow a course of spinning around itself as Venus. We will be vanished in minutes. God singled out our earth as stipulated in these verses by a specific law to be consistent with the needs of lives of human beings. Its day is controlled by a specific time of spinning to be 24 hours, no less or more by any fraction of second. Such control keeps the temperature, the pressure, the humidity, the clouds, the winds, gravity, stability and many other aspects of our life in specific limits. All these parameters are determined by the control of the complete day in 24 hours and any change of such timing will disturb them and will lead to kill the life on the earth. So, if God decided, as mentioned in this verse, to stop the rotation of the earth, what can we do?
So, should we confess by our sincere need to His Mercy and Power in every moment to keep the stability of this irregular sphere which swims in an infinite space by Hiscontrol? Who can Challenge God in such highly scientific, Powerful and logic Question?
The second logical question should have also the same answer. We should confess our need to the Power and Mercy of God. If one face of the earth is in night, as the previous verse pointed, the other face of the earth will be in Day-light. However, we are in need as humans to both parts of the day; one part to work and do our jobs in the day-light and other part to sleep in night. This challenging question states that the people on the two sides of the earth, i.e. in the side that faces the sun and the other face, will be in sincere need to the mercy of God to have a stable life. The life cannot continue in Dark or in light. So, what if the speed of the earth's spinning will be changed in slight order? We can't do anything other than surrendering to the Will of God.
This is the logical conclusion or answer for these questions: We should be grateful to God for His Mercy in the adaptation of the day and night to our needs and stable life. We should surrender to the Will of God in every time and confess his Mercy to spin the earth in such perfect order to enjoy day and night with His Power and Wisdom. Such confession or obligation to surrender means we should be followers of Islam as its meaning in English is to surrender to God's Will and to be grateful to Him by following His Straight Path.
Finally; can any human ask such logical questions to state these facts by ourselves?